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born in crato_ brazil_ 1929 – 2017 Sculptor, engraver and illustrator, Sérvulo Esmeraldo initiates his professional career in the end of the 40’s, in Fortaleza by frequently visiting the public art studio at the Fine Arts Association of Ceará (SCAP). In 1951, he moves to São Paulo. Sérvulo works temporarily for the Brazilian Engineering Company (EBE) and this experience sharpens his interest for Mathematics, enabling him to become a xylographer and illustrator at “Correio Paulistano” newspaper later in life. As a result of that experience, he produces a series of prints with a constructive geometrical nature, for a solo exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art in São Paulo (MAM), in 1957. The peculiarity and refinement of his work were crucial for the French government's decision to grant him a scholarship, which led Sérvulo to live in France for over 20 years. In Paris, he devotes himself to study lithography at the National School of Fines Arts and metal engraving techniques at Johnny Friedlaender’s art studio. In the 60’s, without abandoning his engraving practices, Sérvulo decides to invest in new art projects moved by motors, magnets and electromagnets. Benefiting from the enchantment of static electricity, he creates the Excitables series that makes him notorious in the international kinetic art movement. From 1977 onwards, in a clear return to his origins, he works in public art projects, adding monumental sculptures to Fortaleza’s urban landscape (where he has been living and working since 1980). Fortaleza now houses about 40 art pieces by the artist. Sérvulo was the creator and curator of the “Exposição Internacional de Esculturas Efêmeras” (in Fortaleza, Ceará, in 1986 and 1991). With numerous solo exhibitions and participation in important art salons, biennials and other collective shows in Europe and Americas (Realité Nouvelle, Salon de Mai, Biennale de Paris, Milan Triennial, São Paulo International Biennial etc.) his art work is exhibited at major national museums as well as in public and private collections in Brazil and overseas. Pinacoteca do Estado de São Paulo organizes a important retrospective of his work art in 2011. In the following year, the exhibition: "Simples como um triângulo" at Galeria Raquel Arnaud (which represents the artist since 2009) displayed around 70 works, including sculptures, paintings and relieves. Sérvulo Esmeraldo launched the books A linha e a luz and É pericoloso spogersi in 2015, when he came back to Galeria Raquel Arnaud to present the show “Traço volume espaço”.