Arthur Luiz Piza
The Tribulations of the Particle
Paulo Venancio Filho
Throughout his forty-plus year trajectory, Arthur Piza’s intimate, discreet work has made a claim to attention that is the opposite of the demands that today’s visual processes set forth and impose without exception upon everyone. The world increasingly displays itself on a panoramic scale even as the artist’s work serenely insists on a quasi-microscopic comprehension, although it is not inattentive to contemporary developments. This is what we have seen of late. Modern poetics, such as Piza’s, require a conviction that cannot be abandoned from one moment to the next and that for him is the unique dynamics of the relief, which he has explored systematically – an apparently simple problem and one that Piza proves to be inexhaustible. Like the process of life which, for those who see it under a microscope, is also inexhaustible and unpredictable; even though the scientist seeks to find certain constants there. As does Piza.
The dynamics of the relief possess an origin: the detachment of the first particle. This initial emergence suggests a material awakening from immobility, the moment in which an autonomous unit confronts the indistinct uniformity of the plane. A self emerges. Free, mobile, uncertain, it establishes an opposition between the static whole and dynamic unity. If this problem approaches it [him?] [o aproxima?] to kinetic art both historically and in terms of process, one distinction must be made: the work’s motion is slow, sluggish and cumulative; it occurs in time, not in space. Were we to transform each work into a frame, we should have a perfectly structured film sequence; the visual narrative of the particle character’s tribulation which begins with a resistance to motion until the full mobility of the current works: the Bildungsroman of the Piza particle.
In this internal dynamic of the relief, on the scale of intimacy and proximity in which it is situated, I believe, we may find a parallel between the tensions in Fontana and Calder – two great artists – in the breaking of Fontana’s plane and the full freedom of Calder’s particles. The space of Piza’s relief is located at a point of intersection between these tensions. In it the particles are not fully liberated, they do not move like Calder’s, they take a first step and, like Fontana’s act of cutting, they repeat it, differently.
At first, the plane is indistinguishable from the material. They are confounded. The plane is not entirely abstract and it evokes a primordial substance rather than some other material, one that is related to substance as the plane is to abstraction – an arid, dry, hard, indeterminate crust, the still barren earth that precedes life. Thus, the earliest movement of the plane’s fracture is not abstract, but organic. This begins with crocodiling, a few tiny fissures, not much more than slight cracks that seem to have come from some fossilized, sluggish, almost inert time: the discreet eruption of the surface; the first, slow, difficult breaking of planar tension. Even as this fissure establishes the break with the plane, it also defines the particles’ size and primal behavior. Initially, none of them initially escape a primitive, gregarious behavior, group examples of a prehistoric regularity.
The moment of individuation is still distant. Each particle belongs to a whole that supplies cohesion and structure. When they move, the direction and trajectory of their motion are furnished by the whole. There is no wandering or autonomy. Planar tension still dominates the individualities and their natural, harmonic movement. Initially, not even color distinguishes them; they possess the same earthen colors as the plane, the trait of a primitive micro-geological phenomenon or of life at the cellular level. It is likely that Piza has explored every possible behavior of this tiny element in its intimate, fragile space. From a cohesive particle group to an element withdrawn and cut away from the surface; from a unit defined by the square metal plate to the colored rectangles, rhombuses and squares; from the orchestrated group movement that expands and concentrates – and is variously an index of aggregation or disaggregation; from the contrast between the figure of the particle and the background – both surface and material: the canvas, paper, hemp, and wire of the monochrome (although it might best be described as colorlessness) is primordial in the quasi-Neoplasticism of the last reliefs. And everything indicates that it has not yet been exhausted, that new possibilities are still to come.
Therefore, it is not odd that the relief should seek to attempt three-dimensionality. This has been a recurring phenomenon since Cubism and, in Brazilian art, it has yielded unique results. When Lygia Clark made her articulated sculptures Animals she did not specify the animal. She merely used the more abstract, generic term. Such is not the case with Piza’s work. The animal is the armadillo. I believe there can have been no more appropriate animal. Only it and not other could provide a metaphor for the dynamic of Piza’s relief. The animal’s scaly, articulated, elastic and flexible carapace, all of it composed of small plates, units that form a swift, mobile totality; as metallic as some of Piza’s reliefs.
An animal that lives burrowed away inside the earth, barely distinguishable from it in its monochromatic color, as organic in appearance as it is mechanical, to all intents and purposes a walking relief. Ultimately, the armadillo is one of the most solitary animals as well as a uniquely autonomous one, the living organic unit, as uncertain as life.
Ultimately, in calling this three-dimensional work Armadillo Piza has done no more than reaffirm his work’s fundamental experiment; the relief now stands out from the floor. For is not the armadillo the living particle that inhabits the primordial plane that is Earth?
[Translated from the Portuguese by Stephen Berg]